Blood pressure is the amount of pressure that is exerted on the arteries of the body as the blood circulates round the system. It may cause problems like heart disease.
The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. It is possible for a person to have high blood pressure for years without knowing. When the blood pressure is not controlled this gives better risk to have health problems like stroke and heart attack. High blood pressure can be easily detected.
The human body is so constituted that there must be a balance between the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart and the amount of blood pumped out into the aorta. When the pressure that the blood exerts on the blood vessels is consistently and abnormally high it is called hypertension, when it is consistently and abnormally low it is called hypotension.
The only reliable way to measure the blood pressure is by using the sphygmomanometer. The best time to measure the blood pressure is in the morning, shortly after rising. A blood pressure of 135/70mmHg or 140/70mmHg is considered normal. A blood pressure of 140/90 is considered slightly high, while a blood pressure of 150/90 or 150/100 is considered severe.
TYPES OF HYPERTENSION
There are two types of hypertension, namely, Essential and secondary hypertension.
Essential hypertension is that which has no apparent cause, it just occurs. This is the case in 80-90% hypertension cases.
Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying disease such as diabetes or kidney problems.
From clinical observations however, there is enough reason to conclude that hypertension runs in families. For example, in a family where both parents suffer from hypertension, there is a 60-80% possibility that one or two of their children will also develop the sickness. Some other opinions insist that what is inherited is the tendency towards the sickness, not the sickness itself.
Those brought upon high calorie diets are likely to develop hypertension. High intake of salt also leads to hypertension.
3. Mental attitudes
A person who posses a negative attitude to life like envy anxiety excessive worry, and hatred can be prone to severe hypertension because these are unhealthy states of mind.
According to Anselm Adodo, OSB below are the local treatments to use
A. Talinum triangulate
English- water leaf
Igbo-Ntu oka, ofe bekee
B. 10 litres or water
Recipe: cut the roots into pieces. Measure 10 handfuls of the roots into B and bring to boil.
Dosage: 1/2 a glass twice daily for two months.
A. 10bulbs of garlic
B. 2 bottles of coconut water
C. 4 bottles of water
Recipe: mix B and C together and blend with A.
Dosage: 1 shot thrice daily for 4 weeks
Another highly effective remedy for hypertension is Ficus Asperifolia, called sandpaper tree in English, asesa in Igbo, Epin in Yoruba, Baure in Esan.
Squeeze the fresh leaves in water (like bitter leaf). Drink a glassful thrice daily. This is one of the most effective hypertension drugs.